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  • العالمية الحرة لتقنية المعلومات
What is programming? What are its Sections?

What is programming? What are its Sections?

2021-09-01

Programming is basically the process of creating computer programs. The art of programming is one of the most important basic skills in the world of information technology. Without it, technology would look completely different. Programming is achieved by taking an algorithm and encoding it into a programming language so that later, it can be executed by a computer.

 

Programming processing includes the processes of designing, writing, testing, debugging, and maintaining the source code of computer programs. The code can be written in many different languages such as Java, C, Python, Swift and many more.

 

Programming is a study field that entails creating computer programs, websites, phone applications, corporate systems, and various types of software for all intents and purposes. Programming types differ in utility and prevalence. Programming involves the use of a general-purpose language designed widely to use specialized writing programs for writing code and symbols. It is a way for users to communicate with the computer through a set of instructions called codes.

 

Computer science is not just the study of programming. However, programming is an important part of what the computer world does. Programming is often the way we create representations of our solutions. So, this language representation and the process of building it becomes an essential and necessary part.

 

Because the world of programming is very wide, complex and most people see it as extremely complex, we decided at the Egyptian Alalmiya Alhura Company to contribute in simplifying the world of programming and clarifying its most important sections and the most outstanding uses of programming through a constant series of expository articles. Through them, we will explain the most important sections of programming and the most important languages used in each section.

 

Why is it essential to know the different sorts of programming?

 

The differences in programming types make them very diverse. Each program uses a variety of codes and contexts to accomplish the applications and programs of computer.

 

If you are working in programming, it is important to know more than one programming language. If you think about the number of programming options available to you, one might wonder why there are so many of them. Well, every different type of software uses a different set of inputs and outputs.

 

For example, JavaScript and Swift have very different ways of implementing programming functions. Both are the basis of operating systems and software. However, writing a Java program in Swift will produce an unwieldy program.

 

When studying programming, many programs teach students a variety of languages. Schools and universities teach students the most useful programming languages, as well as learn languages. The concepts that go into implementing computer programming are also a must. The kinds of programming may vary, but they all use the basic concepts and implementation devices.

 

API (Application Programming Interface) Development:

API is a terminology in computer science related to contact protocols, subroutine definitions, and tools for building software applications. This term provides all the building blocks a programmer needs to develop a computer program. The term refers to applying the database system, a web-based system, computer hardware, an operating system, or a software library.

 

With API development, it is possible to use many common computer programs. Everything from setting up and running the program to accessing it from multiple places requires API development. If you use computers at work, probably you are using software that has undergone rigorous API development.

 

Applications Development:

Application development is the developmental sequence of building a program or a set of programs. From here, programmers carry out any number of functions a software application can do. The full range of tasks performed can include CRM (Customer Relationship Management) software and Sales Reporting software. The Applications built to Help Business Controls Processes increase productivity.

 

Ordinarily, application development is the process of building desktop application software. We've seen app development move to mobile devices lately. Of course, the types of programming that go into mobile app development vary. Each device uses various specialized algorithms. Finally, it's almost the same development and rollout process as a normal computer app.

 

Back-end Development:

Back-end development involves a number of types of software development. Process refers to the architecture of a system that has nothing to do with creating code that can be used to build a user interface. Back-end development is used by programmers as a tool for writing code that cannot be viewed directly. The logic behind the apps you use is the basic principle behind back-end development.

 

Cloud Computing:

At its cores, Cloud Computing is the delivery of servers, databases, storage services, analytics, networking, and more online computing services via the internet to provide flexible resources, faster innovation, and economies of scale.

 

Cloud Computing consists of three main models. These models include Hybrid Cloud, Public Cloud, and Private Cloud. This terminology refers to a variety of services as well. Cloud computing can deliver applications and provide database storage. It also refers to computing power and other online IT services via the internet.

 

Data science:

Data science is an interdisciplinary field of study that combines different algorithms, scientific methods, tools, machine learning principles, scientific processes, and systems to find out hidden patterns and extract ideas and knowledge from raw data ( primary data ) with various ways whether it is structured and unstructured data in a similar way to  data mining.

 

Embedded Systems Development:

Embedded system development is the process of building a programmed operating system with a dedicated function within a broader electrical or mechanical system that serves a broader purpose often with real-time computing challenges.  It is built in as part of a complete device and can include mechanical parts and hardware.

 

Java:

It is a general, class-based, multi-purpose computer programming language. It is object-oriented, purpose-built, and concurrent for minimal implementation dependency. The language was created with the intention of let application developers write once, run anywhere (WORA), meaning that compiled Java code can run on all platforms that support Java without the need for recompilation. Java is owned by Oracle and was built up in 1995.

 

JavaScript - one of the most popular types of programming:

JavaScript is a high-level, interpreted programming language. Programmers describe this language as being versatile and extensive in utility. JavaScript stands as the core ( primary ) language of the Internet. Others that make up a large part of the internet are CSS and JavaScript. HTML is a just-in-time ( JIT ) compiled, and Lightweight programming language with first-class functions when it comes to programming.

 

Mobile development:

Mobile development is the development process for mobile devices. These devices include phones, tablets, and mobile devices. Development creates enterprise and personal digital assistants, or mobile browsers.

 

Many apps come pre-installed on phones from the manufacturer. These include calculators or SMS systems. Users can also install their own apps. Mobile development is similar to web development and has its roots in traditional software development.

 

Security software development:

Security software development is a type of programming that protects the digital intellectual property. The key to develop security software is to focus on better software that rejects cybersecurity crime threats.

 

Developers can build up better applications and software when they follow the practice of safe software development. Safe software development requires various processes such as secure coding and implementation of the security development lifecycle. If you are using any major software, you can suppose that it has gone through a stage of security software development.

 

Software tools development:

Software tool development involves setting up computer programs that software programmers use to maintain, correct, or support the additional software and applications. Every computer problem requires a software tool to devise strategic solutions. The development of such tools is based on the continuous requirements of computer users to identify and solve coding problems.

 

Web Development:

Web Development is the process of programming websites. Development can happen on the Internet or a private network. The process is to develop dynamic web applications. Web Development can be a collaborative effort or a department specific area. This process is often the most important process in building up a website.

 

If you want to learn programming, the different types of programming languages are essential to master them, above all. No one expects a programmer to learn all programming languages. However, knowing the major programming languages makes you more employable.

 

If you learn more about coding, you can achieve more with programming. Aspiring students, as well as professors, must know programming languages perfectly. Moreover, programming also changes daily. There are new algorithms and code sequences appearing all over the world every year. Likewise, the digital needs of the world are also changing.

 

The world will not stop depending on digital technology sooner or later. That's why programming genres will drive the future. Knowing how to read and write computer programs makes this field a prosperous industry for jobs. If you don't know what you want to become, you may think of programming. With a little learning, the field can be profitable and safe for employment.

 

Therefore, programming sorts are important, as always. The learning to code process is difficult at first. However, it is not different from any science. Through hard work, different types of programming make the field highly diversified, dynamic and flexible.