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All About Ransomware Virus

786 Views | 5 hours ago | Published On: April 06,2023 - Last Updated: February 29,2024

Ransomware Virus

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All About Ransomware Virus

Ransomware threatens you and your device, but what makes this malware unique? The word ransom tells you everything you need to know about this pest. Ransomware is blackmail software that can lock your computer and demand a ransom for its release.

In most cases, ransomware infection occurs. The malware first gains access to the device. Depending on the ransomware type, the entire operating system or individual files are encrypted. 

A ransom is then demanded from the victim. To minimize the risk of a ransomware attack, you should rely on high-quality ransomware protection software.


Ransomware: Part of the Malware Family:

Malware is a portmanteau of malicious and software.” The term malware covers all malicious software that can be dangerous to your computer. This includes viruses and Trojans.


Ransomware Virus
How to Detect Ransomware and Protect Yourself from It?

When protecting against ransomware, we must apply the principle Prevention is better than cure.” The watchful eye and the right security software are considered crucial.

Vulnerability scans can also help you to find intruders in your system. First, ensuring your computer is not an ideal target for ransomware is essential. Device software should continually be updated to benefit from the latest security patches.

In addition, careful action, especially concerning email attachments, is vitalBut even the best preventive measures can fail, making it all the more essential to have a contingency plan.

In the case of ransomware, a contingency plan consists of backing up your data. To learn how to create a backup and what additional measures you can put in place to protect your device; {you can read this article (from here).

The most common ransomware infection routes include visiting malicious websites, downloading a malicious attachment, or via unwanted add-ons during download. A single careless moment is enough to trigger a ransomware attack.

Since malware is designed to remain undetected for as long as possible, it is difficult to identify an infection. A ransomware attack is most likely to be detected by security software.

Changes to file extensions, increased CPU activity, and other dubious activity on your computer may indicate an infection.

When removing ransomware, there are basically options available to you. The first is to pay the ransom, which is definitely not recommended. It is best to try to remove the ransomware from your own computer. If this is not possible, only one step remains: resetting your computer to factory settings.


forms of ransomware
What Forms of Ransomware Are There, and What Does That Mean for You?

As mentioned above, the threat posed by ransomware relies on the virus variant. The first thing to consider is that there are two main categories of ransomware: locker ransomware and crypto-ransomware. They can be distinguished as follows:

Locker ransomware – essential computer functions are affected

Crypto ransomware  individual files are encrypted

The type of malware also makes a significant difference when identifying and dealing with the ransomware. Within the two main categories, distinctions are made between numerous additional types of ransomware. These include, for example, Locky, WannaCry, and Bad Rabbit.


illegal content
History of Ransomware:

Extorting computer users in this way is not a 21st-century invention. As early as 1989, a primitive pioneer of ransomware was used. The first concrete cases of ransomware were reported in Russia in 2005. Since then, ransomware has spread worldwide, with new types proving successful.

In 2011, a dramatic increase in ransomware attacks was observed. In the course of further attacks, antivirus software manufacturers have increasingly focused their virus scanners on ransomware, especially since 2016.

Regional differences can often be seen in the various ransomware attacks. For example:

Incorrect messages about unlicensed applications:

In some countries, Trojans notify the victim that unlicensed software is installed on their computer. The message then prompts the user to make a payment.

False Claims about Illegal Content:

This approach could be more successful for cybercriminals in countries where illegal software downloads are common practice. Instead, ransomware messages claim that they are from law enforcement agencies and that child pornography or other unlawful content has been found on the victim’s computer. The announcement also contains a demand for a penalty fee to be paid.

The largest Ransomware Attack:

One of the most significant and severe ransomware attacks occurred in the spring of 2017 and was called WannaCry. Approximately 200,000 victims from roughly 150 countries were asked to pay a ransom in Bitcoin during the attack.


Ransomware Virus
Latest Ransomware news:

Russia’s Federal authority managed to dismantle the hacker group known as REvil, in a vigorous campaign targeting 14 of its members hiding in five Russian regions, including the capital, Moscow and Saint Petersburg,  in addition to confiscating the money-seizing in several attacks, amounting to More than $600,000 worth of cryptocurrency.



ransomware
Conclusion

In all its forms and variants, ransomware poses a significant threat to private users and companies. This makes it all the more important to keep an eye on the danger it poses and to be prepared for all eventualities. So it is essential to learn about ransomware, to be highly conscious of how you use devices, and to install the best security software.


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